What is lung cancer?

Lung cancer begins when cells from normal lung tissue multiply uncontrollably and form a tumour in the lung, independent of any necessity and regulation.

Lung cancer, of which smoking is one of the main risk factors, is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide and in our country. Early diagnosis significantly increases the chance of cure; it is important to remember that the chance of recovery is 85-90% when lung cancer is detected at an early stage.

Lung cancer begins with the uncontrolled growth of cells in normal lung tissue, resulting in the formation of a tumour. This tumour first grows locally and at a later stage spreads through the bloodstream to nearby tissues or more distant organs (such as the liver, bones or brain), causing disease.

Lung cancer is a common cancer form, accounting for 12-16% of all cancers and 17-28% of cancer-related deaths. Moreover, lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer deaths in both men and women.

What are the symptoms of lung cancer?
  • Persistent cough
  • Chest pain
  • Respiratory problems
  • Reduced appetite and weight loss
  • Hoarseness and difficulty swallowing
  • Overall weakness
  • Body pain
  • Frequent infections

If you experience one or more of these symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.

How is lung cancer treated?

The choice of treatment for lung cancer depends mainly on the type and stage of the cancer. For some patients, surgical removal of the affected lung tissue may be an option. In patients who are not suitable for surgery, chemotherapy may be considered.

How can you prevent lung cancer?
  • Avoid carcinogenic substances such as cigarettes and alcohol.
  • Manage stress and cultivate a positive mindset.
  • Minimise exposure to radiation.
  • Avoid inhaling harmful substances such as tar, petrol, dyes and asbestos.
  • Limit your exposure to air pollution.
  • Follow a healthy diet.